Convergence: 

When discussing convergence with anime, the evidence is as clear as the glass painted in Hiyao Miyazaki’s Howl’s Moving Castle. For when a successful anime is produced, everyone in the country knows, and you will see it everywhere- and I mean everywhere.

Using the hit show Haikyuu! as an example: this anime became an instant phenomenon in Japan. Of course there is a place for it on sites like Crunchyroll and Hulu, but there is also a place for it in Japan’s main culture, from restaurants to museums.  All of this was done in the span of four years.

This is seen with anime all the time. From action anime like Attack on Titan, to romantic comedies like Ouran High School Host Club, the show will not stay on one platform. Primarily, the show will start in a book/comic form, called a manga. Once popularity has risen, it will be produced into an anime. Should the anime grow even further, the fans and producers will take it upon themselves to make a video game(dating simulator most likely), spin-off books, merchandise, costumes, and (as aforementioned) museums and restaurants.

Cyborgs:

It is hard to disprove Haraway’s Cyborg Manifesto. Anime supports it in more ways than one. For example, there isn’t a basis of “tradition” within anime. Hayao Miyazaki refers to it(anime) as a blatant mistake.

In the reach of feminism, anime goes beyond anything you can imagine. There are boys dressed as girls, girls dressed as boys, and characters who have no definite gender. There are traditional remarks made towards females, but also females who rock every role they are given.

The characters can be defined as cyborgs, as can the voices from the actors who play them. There is always an atypical development of the character. They make certain emotions, move a certain way, and you see it the same way every time. Even in anime that is set back in the Feudal era, there are books, technology that gives the characters a dependency. Without the key to that tech, there would not be a story.

In reference to the actors, the voice actors are the reason the characters have that atypical development. They are speaking into the same microphone, with the same signature voice almost every time. There are also only a few massive corporations that preview anime. You will notice time and time again that the art style within anime will draw to a common medium after the first season. This is because the artist’s style is taken and being replaced with something easier to look at, and more like every other anime.

  • Anthony Jason Wintz